Seven Palestinians including a local Hamas commander have been killed during an Israeli operation in the Gaza Strip, Palestinian officials say.
Israel’s military said one of its soldiers had been killed and another wounded in “operational activity” by special forces in the strip.
The clashes took place east of Khan Younis, in the south of the territory.
Sirens later sounded in communities across southern Israel and rockets were fired from Gaza.
The Israeli military later said 17 rockets had been fired and three were shot down. It was not clear if the rockets had caused any damage.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu decided to cut short his visit to Paris for events to mark the 100th anniversary of the end of World War One and return on Sunday evening, his office said in a statement.
A spokesman for Hamas, the militant Islamist group that dominates Gaza, described the incident as a “cowardly Israeli attack”.
Hamas officials and medics said seven people were killed, four of them militants. The senior Hamas member killed was named as Sheikh Nur Barakeh, a commander of the Izzedine al-Qassam brigades, the group’s military wing, in Khan Younis.
Hamas said Israeli special forces fired from a car around 3km (2 miles) inside the Gaza Strip.
An exchange of fire then broke out, with witnesses reporting tank shelling and explosions from Israeli air strikes in the area.
The Israeli military did not give details but initially said that all its soldiers had returned.
In a later statement it said: “During an IDF [Israel Defense Forces] Special Forces operational activity in the Gaza Strip, an exchange of fire evolved. At this incident an IDF officer was killed and an additional officer was moderately injured. Their families have been notified.”
The exposure of such an operation by Israeli special forces inside Gaza would be extremely rare and comes after apparent progress in an Egyptian- and UN-brokered process to mediate after a series of escalations between the two sides in recent months.
Tensions between Israel and Hamas have soared in recent months.
Rocket-fire from Gaza and Israel air strikes against militant targets have been a regular occurrence.
More than 200 Palestinians in Gaza have been killed by Israeli forces since the end of March – most during weekly protests along the border at which thousands have expressed their support for the declared right of Palestinian refugees to return to their ancestral homes in what is now Israel.
One Israeli soldier was killed on the Gaza-Israel border by a Palestinian sniper during the same period.